UH Law Library's Blog

January 8, 2010

New CRS Report on Terrorism & International Crime

Filed under: Free Web — Tags: , — uhlawlibrary @ 8:00 am

International Terrorism and Transnational Crime: Security Threats, U.S. Policy, and Considerations for Congress,” by John Rollins, former Chief of Staff of the Office of Intelligence for the Department of Homeland Security, is now available. The report comes from the Congressional Research Service, a division of the Library of Congress, and is based on unclassified interviews and open sources. Interestingly, the report says that between Dec. 2000 and July 2005, Congress held eight hearings on the nexus between terrorism and crime, but since 2005 Congress has not held any hearings on the topic.

“While numerous U.S. strategies and programs are designed to combat international terrorism and transnational crime separately, fewer efforts focus specifically on addressing the confluence of the two. Those efforts that do exist focus mainly on (1) human smuggling and clandestine terrorist travel, (2) money laundering and terrorist financing, and (3) narcoterrorism links between drug traffickers and terrorists. Many of these efforts, including the creation of the Human Smuggling and Trafficking Center, the reorganization of the Treasury Department’s Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence, and the expanded extraterritorial jurisdiction authority to investigate and prosecute international narcoterrorism cases, occurred in response to the attacks of September 11, 2001.”

“This report provides a primer on the confluence of transnational terrorist and criminal groups and related activities abroad. It evaluates possible motivations and disincentives for cooperation between terrorist and criminal organizations, variations in the scope of crime-terrorism links, and the types of criminal activities–fundraising, material and logistics support, and exploitation of corruption and gaps in the rule of law–used by terrorist organizations to sustain operations. This report also discusses several international case studies to illustrate the range of crime-terrorism convergence and non-convergence, including Dawood Ibrahim’s D-Company; the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC); the 2004 Madrid bombers; the Taliban; Hezbollah; Al Qaeda; the 2005 London bombers; Al-Shabaab; as well as known or alleged crime-terrorism facilitators such as Viktor Bout, Monzer Al Kasser, and Abu Ghadiyah.”

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